It is well known that the floor is one of the most important elements of interior finishing. Countless steps, which we make on its surface, require careful preparation of the covering and use of good materials. What to follow when replacing the floor with a new one? Here are a few rules, which are worth following.
Getting down to replacing the floor can be a bit of a leap – remember that especially a wooden floor, for example made of oak, is extremely valuable. So it may turn out that a much better option is to renew it. Also, the simplest ways of renewing the cladding, such as using floor panels laid on top of the old surface, can only be used in certain situations. So the basic action is to assess the condition of the floor. It is necessary to check cavities, stability, evenness of the substrate and whether there are any traces of mould or mildew
Making a decision is always quite difficult. On the one hand, we can save time and money if we decide to repair the old floor or even put a new layer of laminate or vinyl on it. On the other hand, this approach carries certain risks: we can never be sure that the old planks as a finishing or supporting layer will not be subject to further deterioration. What to choose? Unfortunately, this question must be answered by the investor himself. Of course, after studying the actual condition of the cladding and the opinion of professionals
The situation in which we decide to replace the floor, however, presents us with a dilemma as to what new cladding to put down. The choices are:
No matter what type of new flooring you choose, you should take care of what’s underneath. Its functionality and advantages are determined by all layers, not only the top one
What structure should the floor on the ground have? Here are consecutive layers, starting from the bottom:
A floor laid on the ground, especially in the case of boards, may also rest on joists. It is then worth taking care not only of even levelling of the joists themselves, but also felt pads under them and a layer of mineral wool with soundproofing effect. Moisture insulation is also necessary
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The most important issues we need to take care of before installing the final floor cladding are thermal and acoustic insulation. They have a direct impact on energy savings and the functionality of the room. Without insulation we will be condemned to high bills connected with heating. Cold floor also means lower comfort of using the room. Acoustic insulation, on the other hand, is essential so that you can walk on the floor without an unpleasant rumbling sound.
Replacing a floor means finally giving a lot of thought to a new interior design, which should start with choosing an interesting covering. Apart from parameters of particular materials, we should also pay attention to their design. People, who often change their interior décor, should rather bet on universal wood in the form of planks or parquet strips. It will be easier to create new arrangements with them. However, remember that it is much easier to repaint the walls or buy a new sofa than lay a new floor. So let it be well thought out and serve for many years.